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#45

All newcomers,
BLOCKCHAIN TUTORIAL
This term has always confused people. Just like the bitcoin itself. And if bitcoin is so-called digital gold, blockchain is a digital public ledger also created by Satoshi Nakamoto. No one knows yet, whether it was a person or a group of people.

Let’s start our blockchain tutorial with a description of the blockchain. As we can see, a compound word ‘blockchain’ is derived from ‘block’ and ‘chain’. Or simply it’s a ‘chain of blocks’. Those blocks are linked to each other and perform some kind of a net.

Blockchain Tutorial Main Concept
So blockchain is a shared ledger that stores information about anonymous transactions in a distributed manner. Once information is entered there, it can not be changed or deleted. That means it is possible to just add new data into the system.

The verified algorithm goes like this:

Blockchain Algorithm
But to make this blockchain tutorial a bit easier, let’s compare blockchain with a computerized spreadsheet. This document consists of 4 columns: name, amount, who made this entry and when it was added.

As we can see, a block is a ‘current’ part of a blockchain, with records of all the recent transactions. When the block is finished, a new one is immediately generated. The blockchain can contain numerous blocks connected to each other in a chronological order.

Blocks Example
Every block contains a hash of the previous one. The blockchain has complete information about different users’ addresses and their balances right from the genesis block to the most recently completed block. What is important, those blocks are added through cryptography, which keeps the data safe from being copied.

WHAT IS HASH?
However, сhecking and updating numerous spreadsheets turned out to be a very difficult situation. Especially when there are too many people wishing to make new entries.

That’s lead to a new idea. From now on the changes in blockchain are formed by the participants’ computers. The provided computing power helps to maintain the ‘spreadsheet’ by performing calculations and verifying transactions.

The easiest way would be to check for a single mathematically unique value in each document. And that is when we come up to hashes and the Hash value.

Each spreadsheet owner has a unique numerical ID and if we add all the necessary data it would be stored as the hash value for the first entry. So the value itself derives by a formula from the spreadsheet’s columns. The same formula is used for the following entries. As a result, these blocks form a chain of true hash values.

Block Data
And once again: if anyone tries to forge the preceding entries into the spreadsheet, he or she will have to face the failure. Changing all the records in the existing chain is too much for all spreadsheet copies, which is not possible.

WHAT ARE NODES FOR?
So-called ‘nodes’ are also an integral part of a blockchain. Nodes use a client that performs the task of validating and relaying transactions. In other words, they get automatically downloaded a copy of the blockchain as soon as joined the blockchain network. Finally, each connected computer receives a verified information with records of every transaction ever executed.

All together nodes perform a second-level network with a completely different vision of internet functions. Moreover, every node joins the network voluntarily and becomes an “administrator” of the blockchain.

Moving ahead, I’ll add that nodes participating in the network have a chance to win or mine Bitcoins. It goes like all nodes try to solve the computational puzzles and get the reward. As a result, new block continues to appear in 10 minutes or so.

The most important part of our blockchain tutorial shows that each node in the network owns a full copy of the blockchain.

WHY IS DECENTRALISATION BETTER?
Being an innovative technology, blockchain was planned to be decentralized and independent from the government. In this case, decentralization means that the network operates on a user-to-user or most often used peer-to-peer basis.

Let’s find out the difference.

The centralized system has a single authority: all nodes follow the commands of one single person or, in this case, yellow dot. And the decentralized system does not have a single authority. There are several end nodes (blue), connect to secondary nodes (yellow) which are also connected with one another.

Centralised/Decentralized Difference
As it was mentioned above, the most common use of the blockchain stands for the cryptocurrency. So far, all those tokens and coins are not issued or controlled by a central authority. That really helps digital currencies to take a few steps forward from fiat financial model and remain decentralized.

But it is not the only sphere. With the ability of decentralization, blockchain technology offers us the power to provide secure operations and create new businesses.

WHERE CAN BLOCKCHAIN BE USED?
Nowadays many tech startups adopt the blockchain technology aiming for decentralization.

Some companies already succeeded in using blockchain to create their products and services. Yet, we can apply blockchain not only for economic structures but also for non-financial spheres.

Healthcare
Blockchain technology could easily provide a new easy-to-access and secure cataloging system online. Patient’s health information would be cryptographically encrypted and stored safely until one of the doctors needed it. Some companies like Patientory or Factom have already tried to release this idea.

Tourism
Many countries try to attract tourists’ attraction. And now they use blockchain technology to gamify the attention. Despite this, some countries have already obtained cryptocurrency-themed sightseeings like Crypto Valley in Switzerland. That is how blockchain technology helps to promote tourism.

Food
There is a Food Supply Chain 2.0 created by Food Blockchain XYZcan. It consists of sensor systems, smart contracts and blockchain technology. Foodcoin, its token, allows people worldwide transactions without paying attention to fees and rate fluctuations changes.

Public services
In 2017 I’ve heard about some dating ICOs or other projects aiming at developing communication skills between users. The blockchain base makes them easy of access, useful, and reliable.

Charity
Blockchain technology has also established itself in the charity sphere. Cryptocurrency is one of the fastest and safest ways to perform donations. Moreover, if we want to help some minor countries – it is the best way. AidCoin or GiftCoin might set the examples. Aid agencies are interested in cryptos’ potential as corruption does diminish the value of government aid distributed through banks.

Whether you are a cryptocurrency trader or just a cryptocurrency enthusiast, I consider it a very helpful part of the blockchain tutorial. All in all, blockchain technology is here to revolutionize most of the spheres of our life.

BLOCKCHAIN ADVANTAGES
Finishing this blockchain tutorial I would like to give a few advantages of the blockchain technology we reviewed today. To sum up, blockchain technology represents a new way of sharing guaranteed data between all the parties involved in a particular project. Yet, it is not the only thing blockchain could be proud of.

Traceability
When working with delivery, one can make records on the blockchain. It would easily show where an asset came from and every stop it had. The transaction data could help to prevent fraud.

Increased efficiency
Trusting each other becomes easier if everyone has access to the same information. And a single digital ledger seems to be the right thing to unite people. Moreover, transactions via blockchain could be completed faster and more effectively.

No third parties
It is a priority for businesses when they do not need third parties or middlemen to interfere. Instead, you would have enough ability to trust your partner using the documentation distributed on the blockchain.

Smart contracts
With the help of smart contracts, a blockchain construct can be used to automatically validate and sign the agreements or something like them. That would definitely save the company’s time and money. If interested, one of the so-called blockchain solutions is CREDITS.

Exchange
Security services have been trying to adopt the blockchain technology for a while. And applying it suppose to be a big step forward for both stock exchanges and cryptocurrency exchanges.

In fact, HitBTC already uses blockchain for their operations.

Hope you find this blockchain tutorial useful. And remember: the potential applications for blockchain technology are almost boundless.


#46

The CryptoCurrency Certification Consortium is a nonprofit body to certify basic levels of competency for those working or wishing to work in the blockchain and cryptocurrency space. The Certified Bitcoin Professional certificate is earned after studying the general principles of Bitcoin’s history, mechanics, and theory, and then taking a 75-multiple-choice question 20-minute test; short so as to discourage looking the answers up and making sure one has this knowledge internalized.

A Certified Bitcoin Professional is knowledgeable about the Bitcoin blockchain, Bitcoin transactions, and how the Bitcoin network operates. CBPs are able to apply Bitcoin technology to their professional area of expertise and understand privacy aspects, double-spending, and other issues that relate to the currency.


#47

Nice. Joined 7 hours ago. Are you affiliated with them?


#48

Not exactly but having knowledge of each and every thing is more beneficial.


#49

Newbee here.I have been watching Decentralized Tv for a month or so, pulled the lead out and joined Bitcoin Pub last night. I have trying to find decent tutorials on Understanding charts. I am like like a kid in a candy store. I have been trying to figure out on my own how to invest, trade, and hopefully make extra money. Thanks to Peter Saddington, I am learning so much more than i thought I would. Thank you. I have every notification, bell, subscription button glued down so I know I will not miss any information, tweet, video that he puts out. He is my “Professor Crypto” The enthusiasm , pure enjoyment , and the care and concern he puts forth to help me learn, and to understand how to invest. Thank you from the bottom of my crypto"
Forever fan, yours truly"
Altcoinmaniac13
PennyPincherInvestor

P.s I call shotgun
toooo the Moon.


#50

Excellent! I’m assuming you’re going through our 90 days of bitcoin b90x!


#51

Hi guys, I am new to thebitcoin.pub.
I am from the Netherlands and started with crypto while it was at its peak and made all the mistakes a man can make in Crypto I suppose (at least this I hope ;)). I decided to use this year to build and see my losses as sort of study-money :slight_smile: I really did a lot of research in the meantime and have set my plan. I also came accross Peter with decentralized tv. I love the humor and thinks that these guys makes sense. Really! On top of this all, I ofcourse seen all the B90X video’s and do think that cost averaging is a good basis. Although I use a slight variation on that (more towards value avaraging).

Anyway I hope to learn a lot more, and do think that this is just the beginning.

@peter, thanks for your positivity! It works!

Regards
Peter


#52

Not sure if this is the right place to post?


#53

This is ok. Usually people post on the Introduce Yourself Thread.


#54

Hahaha, sounds a bit more logical indeed :man_facepalming:t2:


#55

Hi there dear Peter! Hope you are doing great!
Is there any link to take me to the yearly DCA spreadsheet updated to download it?
Thx!
:slight_smile:


#56

I think the LTC is still available. Look in beginners/downloads